Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
(1871 - 1948)

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

October 2, 1871

January 30, 1948

BORN IN 1869, NOT 1871

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was a pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He pioneered satyagraha, resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, a philosophy firmly founded upon ahimsa (nonviolence). This concept helped India gain independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi is often referred to as Mahatma ("Great Soul"). In India he is also called Bapu ("Father") and officially honored in India as the Father of the Nation. His birthday, 2 October, is commemorated as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence. Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Godse.

Gandhi first employed civil disobedience while an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, during the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he organized protests by peasants, farmers, and urban laborers concerning excessive land-tax and discrimination. After assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns to ease poverty, expand women's rights, build religious and ethnic amity, end untouchability, and increase economic self-reliance. Above all, he aimed to achieve Swaraj or the independence of India from foreign domination. Gandhi famously led his followers in the Non-cooperation movement that protested the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (240 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930. He launched the Quit India Movement in 1942, demanding immediate independence for India. Gandhi spent a number of years in jail in both South Africa and India.

Gandhi was the first person to try progressivism through civil disobedience, something which inspired Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela to do their works, and inspires millions of Arabs today to protest against dictatorships. His memorial is a tribute to himself, as well as the ideas he has passed down, and the many people who have suffered and died to achieve freedom and liberty for themselves and their families.

Be the change that you want to see in the world.

An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind.

You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty.

A man is but the product of his thoughts. What he thinks, he becomes.

I like your Christ, I do not like your Christians. Your Christians are so unlike your Christ.

1869 - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi born in Porbandar in Gujarat.

1893 - Gandhi leaves for Johannesburg for practicing law and is thrown out of a first class bogie because he is colored.

1906 - Mohandas K. Gandhi, 37, speaks at a mass meeting in the Empire Theater,
Johannesburg on September 11 and launches a campaign of nonviolent resistance
(satyagraha) to protest discrimination against Indians. The British Government had
just invalidated the Indian Marriage.

1913 - Mohandas Gandhi in Transvaal, South Africa leads 2,500 Indians into the in
defiance of a law, they are violently arrested, Gandhi refuses to pay a fine, he is
jailed, his supporters demonstrate. On November 25, and Natal police fire into the
crowd, killing two, injuring 20.

1914 - Mohandas Gandhi returns to India at age 45 after 21 years of practicing law in
South Africa where he organized a campaign of “passive resistance” to protest his
mistreatment by whites for his defense of Asian immigrants. He attracts wide
attention in India by conducting a fast --the first of 14 that he will stage as political
demonstrations and that will inaugurate the idea of the political fasting.

1930 - A civil disobedience campaign against the British in India begins March 12. The
All-India Trade Congress has empowered Gandhi to begin the demonstrations (see
1914). Called Mahatma for the past decade, Gandhi leads a 165-mile march to the
Gujarat coast of the Arabian Sea and produces salt by evaporation of sea water in
violation of the law as a gesture of defiance against the British monopoly in salt

1932 - Gandhi begins a "fast unto death" to protest the British government's treatment of
India's lowest caste "untouchables" whom Gandhi calls Harijans -- "God's
children." Gandhi's campaign of civil disobedience has brought rioting and has
landed him in prison, but he persists in his demands for social reform, he urges a
new boycott of British goods, and after 6 days of fasting obtains a pact that
improves the status of the "untouchables" (Dalits)

1947 - India becomes free from 200 years of British Rule. A major victory for Gandhian
principles and non-violence in general.

1948 - Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic at a prayer meeting

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Guest Book (2 entries)
God work Hamzah.
James Zartler (Memorial's Creator's Teac)
April 11th, 2011
This is the memorial I set up for Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. To sign the guest book, click on the "Sign Guest Book" button below.
H Kan
April 9th, 2011
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