Laurie Mariba
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Laurie Mariba



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Jacqueline "Jackie" Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis (July 28, 1929 – May 19, 1994) was the wife of the 35th president of the United States, John F. Kennedy, and served as First Lady during his presidency from 1961 until his assassination in 1963. She was later married to Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis from 1968 until his death in 1975. In later years she had a successful career as a book editor. She is remembered for her style and elegance.

* 1 Early life
* 2 Education, introduction to society, and first job
* 3 Kennedy marriage and family
* 4 Candidate's wife
* 5 First Lady of the United States
o 5.1 Celebrity status
o 5.2 Social success
o 5.3 White House restoration
o 5.4 Foreign trips
o 5.5 Death of an infant son
* 6 Assassination and funeral of John F. Kennedy
* 7 Life following the assassination
* 8 Onassis marriage
* 9 Later years
o 9.1 Life in New York
o 9.2 Death
* 10 Fashion icon
* 11 Legacy, memorials, and honors
* 12 Cultural depictions
o 12.1 Films
o 12.2 Books
o 12.3 Plays and theatre works
o 12.4 Songs
* 13 Further reading
* 14 References
* 15 External links

[edit] Early life

Born Jacqueline Lee Bouvier in Southampton, New York, she was the daughter of John Vernou Bouvier III, a Wall Street stockbroker, and his wife Janet Norton Lee. She had a younger sister, Caroline Lee Bouvier, born in 1933, and later known as Lee Radziwill.

Jacqueline Bouvier was of mostly Irish, Scottish, and English descent; her French paternal ancestry is distant, with her last French ancestor being Michel Bouvier, a Philadelphia-based cabinetmaker, merchant and real estate speculator who was her great-great–grandfather and a contemporary of Joseph Bonaparte and Stephen Girard. Both sides of her family made exaggerations about their heritage, with the Bouviers claiming descent from French nobility and the Lees declaring they were part of the "Virginia Lees."[1]

She spent her early years between New York City and Easthampton, New York at the Bouvier family estate "Lasata". At a very early age she became an accomplished equestrienne, a sport that would remain a lifelong passion. As a child, she also enjoyed drawing, reading and lacrosse. This idyllic childhood came to an end when her parents divorced in 1940.

Her father never remarried. In 1942 her mother married second husband Standard Oil heir Hugh D. Auchincloss, Jr., and they had two children, Janet and James Auchincloss. Jacqueline and her sister Lee then lived with their mother's new family, dividing their time at their stepfather's two vast estates, "Merrywood", in McLean, Virginia, and "Hammersmith Farm", in Newport, Rhode Island. They remained close to their father, and visited him often in New York City, where he lived.

[edit] Education, introduction to society, and first job

She was educated at selective schools such as the Holton-Arms School in Washington (1942–1944) and Miss Porter's School in Farmington, Connecticut (1944–1947). When she made her society debut in 1947, a Hearst columnist dubbed Jacqueline "Debutante of the Year".

She spent her first two years of college at Vassar in Poughkeepsie, New York, and spent her junior year (1949–1950) in France at the University of Grenoble and The Sorbonne in a program through Smith College. Upon returning home to the United States, she transferred to The George Washington University in Washington, D.C., graduating in 1951 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in French Literature.[2] Her college graduation coincided with younger sister Lee's graduation from high school, and the two sisters spent the summer of 1951 on a trip through Europe. This trip was the subject of Kennedy's only autobiographical book, One Special Summer, which is also the only one of her publications to feature her drawings.[3]

On parole from college, she was hired as the "Inquiring Camera Girl" for The Washington Times-Herald. Her job was to ask witty questions of people she met in Washington, D.C. The questions and amusing responses would then appear alongside the interviewee's photograph in the newspaper. She was hired at a weekly salary of $42.50.

During that period she was briefly engaged to a young stockbroker, John Husted, but the engagement was called off after three months.

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Prague (IPA: /ˈprɑːɡ/, Czech: Praha (IPA: [ˈpraɦa]), see also other names) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. Its official name is Hlavní město Praha, meaning Prague, the Capital City.

Situated on the River Vltava in central Bohemia, Prague has been the political, cultural, and economic centre of the Czech state for more than 1100 years. The city proper is home to more than 1.2 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of over 1.9 million.[1]

Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. According to Guinness World Records, Prague Castle is the largest medieval castle in the world.[citation needed] Nicknames for Prague have included "the mother of cities" (Praga mater urbium, or "Praha matka měst" in Czech)", "city of a hundred spires" and "the golden city"[2].

* 1 Etymology
* 2 History
o 2.1 Ancient Prague
o 2.2 The era of Charles IV
o 2.3 The Habsburg era
o 2.4 20th century
+ 2.4.1 The 1st Republic
+ 2.4.2 Second World War
+ 2.4.3 Prague during the Cold War
+ 2.4.4 Era after the Velvet Revolution
* 3 Sights
* 4 Climate
* 5 Culture
* 6 Economy
* 7 Colleges and universities
* 8 Transport
o 8.1 Rail
o 8.2 Air
o 8.3 Taxis
* 9 Sport
* 10 Miscellaneous
* 11 Prague as a venue
* 12 International relations
* 13 Namesakes
* 14 See also
* 15 References
* 16 External Links and Readings

[edit] Etymology

The name Prague comes from an old Slavic root, praga, which means “ford”, referring to the city's origin at a crossing of the Vltava River. This root is found in other toponyms in the region. For example, a district of Warsaw bears the name of Praga.

The native name of the city, Praha, is also related to the modern Czech word práh, which means “threshold.” A popular etymology connects the name of the city to the fact that the city is located on the threshold of the Slavic and German worlds.

A legendary etymology connects the name of the city with Libuše, prophetess and mythical founder of the Přemyslid dynasty. She is said to have ordered the city to be built where a man stood on the threshold of his house. Others finally, fascinated by the magic character of the city, affirm that Prague lies on the threshold of a door of access to other worlds or other dimensions[3].

[edit] History
Vltava river
Charles Bridge.
Prague seen from Spot Satellite
A view of one of the bridge towers of the Charles Bridge.
Prague Castle at night.
St. Vitus Cathedral.
Main article: History of Prague
This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unverifiable material may be challenged and removed. (August 2008)

The history of Prague spans thousands of years, during which time the city grew from the Vyšehrad Castle to the multicultural capital of a modern European state, the Czech Republic.
[edit] Ancient Prague

The area on which Prague was founded was settled as early as the Paleolithic Age. Around 200 BC the Celts had a settlement in the south, called Závist, but later they were replaced by the Marcomanni a Germanic people and later by the Slavic people. According to a legend, Prague was founded by Libuše and her husband, Přemysl, founder of the dynasty with the same name. Whether this legend is true or not, Prague's first nucleus was founded in the latter part of the 9th century as a castle on a hill commanding the right bank of the Vltava: this is known as Vyšehrad ("high castle") to differentiate from another castle which was later erected on the opposite bank, the future Prague Castle.

Under emperor Otto II the city became a bishopric in 973. Until Prague was elevated to archbishopric in 1344, it was under the jurisdiction of the Archbishopric of Mainz. Soon the city became the seat of the dukes and later kings of Bohemia.

It was an important seat for trading where merchants from all of Europe settled, including many Jews, as recalled in 965 by the Jewish merchant and traveller Ibrahim ibn Ya'qub. The Old New Synagogue of 1270 survives.

King Vladislav II had a first bridge on the Vltava built in 1170, the Judith Bridge, which collapsed in 1342.
Jenna Mariba (sister)
March 10th, 2009
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March 10th, 2009
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